Αρχείο κατηγορίας International Human Rights Law

« Violence, use of teargas at Greek border ‘matter of great worry’ – UN refugee agency»



« The United Nations refugee agency today expressed concern about yesterday’s violence at the border between Greece and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia near Eidomeni and the extensive scenes of teargas in use.

Spokesperson Adrian Edwards of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) described the development as “a matter of great worry” to the agency, stressing that it should be such a matter to all who are concerned with Europe’s response to the situation of refugees and migrants.

“Time and again in recent months we have seen tension unfolding at various European borders, between security forces on the one hand and people fleeing war and in need of help on the other,” he said. “People get hurt and property is damaged. Harm is done to perceptions of refugees and to Europe’s image alike. Everyone loses.”

In recent days, media and public attention has focused on how the European Union-Turkey agreement is being implemented in the Aegean islands and in Turkey.

“We should not forget the many other refugees and migrants who continue to be affected by the situation, especially the nearly 46,000 on the Greek mainland who arrived before the agreement took effect,” he said. At Eidomeni, about 11,000 have been sleeping for many weeks now in the open in dismal conditions, fuelling hopelessness and despair, he added.

UNHCR is ready to support the voluntary transfer of people to sites to be put in place by the Greek Government, including with the necessary services while registration and processing is taking place. “This is urgent,” he said.

In the meantime, in Eidomeni, UNHCR together with the Greek Government, Greek non-governmental organizations, and other partners are providing food, medical support, help for persons with specific needs, and prevention and response to sexual and gender based violence.

A wider solution, namely to relocate those who may qualify for international protection to other European States, has been agreed for many months. “It needs action,” the spokesperson said.

“Violence is wrong whatever the circumstances,” he stressed, expressing hope that Europe will take the necessary steps now, as UNHCR stands ready to help Governments further in fulfilling their obligations to refugees. »

More Information: here


«UN rights office expresses concern about death sentences in Bangladesh»


«8 April 2016 – The United Nations human rights office today expressed concern about the latest death sentences handed down against two leaders of an opposition party by the Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal, noting the court’s practices have not met international standards of fair trial and due process.

Since its inception in 2010, the tribunal has delivered at least 17 verdicts, the majority of which have resulted in the imposition of the death penalty. So far, four men have been executed, according to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).

“The UN opposes the use of the death penalty in all circumstances, no matter the gravity of the crime committed and even if the most stringent fair trial standards were respected,” said Ravina Shamdasani, spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

While recognising Bangladesh’s determination to tackle past crimes, the trials conducted before the Tribunal have unfortunately not met international standards of fair trial and due process as stipulated in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), she said.

Serious due process problems, which have been repeatedly raised by various UN independent experts, include lack of adequate access to legal assistance and a lack of equality of arms between the prosecution and the defence, among other issues, she added.

OHCHR called on Bangladesh to respect its obligations under the ICCPR, to which it acceded in 2000. Article 14 of the ICCPR details the right to a fair trial. The imposition of a death sentence following a trial in which these provisions have not been respected constitutes a violation of the right to life.

The two leaders of the Jamaat-e-Islami opposition party who were given death sentences are Mir Quasem Ali and Motiur Rahman Nizami.

The former was sentenced to death in November 2014 by the Tribunal, and the Supreme Court also upheld the verdict on 8 March.

Nizami was sentenced to death on charges of planning, ordering and committing murders and rapes, among other serious crimes during the 1971 war of independence. He filed a review petition against his death warrant, due to be heard on Sunday, 10 April, following a one-week deferral. This is the last stage of the legal process in appealing against his execution, other than to seek a presidential pardon. “We hope it will be considered thoroughly by the court,” the spokesperson said.

Bangladesh reportedly has more than 1,200 prisoners on death row. In the month of March this year alone, at least 13 people were reportedly sentenced to death in separate murder cases in four districts in Bangladesh.

“We renew our call to the Government of Bangladesh, as a first step forward, to halt all executions and institute a moratorium on the use of the death penalty,” the spokesperson said.»

 More information: here


«Security Council requests options on deploying UN police in crisis-torn Burundi»


«1 April 2016 – Paving the way for enhanced United Nations engagement in Burundi, the Security Council this evening requested Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to explore with the Government and regional actors options for a police deployment “to increase UN capacity to monitor the security situation, advance the rule of law and promote respect for human rights” in the country.

Unanimously adopting a French-led resolution, the Council reiterated “its deep concern about the persistence of violence in Burundi, as well as the persisting political impasse in the country, and the attendant serious humanitarian consequences,” and requested Mr. Ban, in consultation with the Burundi Government and in coordination with the African Union (AU), to present within 15 days options for deploying a UN police component.

The Council further requested the Secretary-General to enhance the United Nations’ engagement in the country through strengthening the team of the Special Adviser for conflict prevention, including in Burundi, in order to work with the Government of Burundi and other concerned stakeholders to support the inter-Burundian dialogue.

Burundi was thrown into crisis this past April when President Nkurunziza decided to run for a controversial third term that he went on to win in July. To date, it has been reported that more than 400 people have been killed, more than 250,000 have fled the nation, and thousands more have been arrested and possibly subjected to human rights violations.

Urging the Government and all parties to reject any kind of violence and condemn any public statement inciting violence or hatred, the Security Council in its resolution demanded that all sides in Burundi refrain from any action that would threaten peace and stability in the country.

The Council went on to stress the urgency of convening a genuine and inclusive inter-Burundian dialogue, based on the respect of the Constitution and the Arusha Agreement, in coordination with the Government and all stakeholders committed to a peaceful solution, both inside and outside the country, in order to find a consensual and nationally owned solution to the current crisis.

While the text noted a decrease in the number of killings, it nevertheless expressed the Council’s concern over reports of increased disappearances and acts of torture, and underscored its deep concern for the continued worsening of the humanitarian situation. The Council also strongly condemned all violations and abuses of human rights in Burundi, “whoever perpetrates them.”

Welcoming the consent of the Burundian authorities to increase the number of human rights observers and military experts of the AU, the Council called for their full and speedy deployment in Burundi, notes that 30 human rights observers and 15 military observers have been deployed so far, and urged the Government of Burundi and other concerned stakeholders to provide them with full cooperation in order to facilitate the implementation of their mandate.

Also by the resolution, the 15-nation Council “expressed its intention to consider measures against all actors, inside and outside Burundi, whose actions and statements contribute to the perpetuation of violence and impede the search for a peaceful solution.” »

More information: here

Source: UN

«In ‘breakthrough,’ UN refugee agency reaches embattled Yemeni governorate with life-saving aid»

pubil«23 March 2016 – Calling it a “breakthrough,” the United Nations refugee agency today reported that earlier this week, 13 trucks managed to deliver blankets,mattresses, and other badlyneeded emergency relief items to Taiz governorate in Yemen.

It was the first time a convoy from the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) made it through all the way from Aden to Taizz, which is located in the highlands of country’s southwest.

Dispatched in coordination with the Government of Yemen’s High Relief Committee, it arrived on Sunday in Mashra’a Wa Hadnan, a district immediately south of the embattled Taiz city centre. Distribution is reportedly starting this week for 500 displaced people, others who have returned to Taiz, plus local families who have been affected by the conflict.

Meanwhile, another 13 trucks are on their way to nearby Sabir Al Mawadim district and will be distributed among another 500 families. In Mashra’a Wa Hadnan, the situation is now calm according to the UN, and some displaced families have been returning to their homes, while fighting persists on the eastern part of Sabir Al Mawadim.

“The two districts host over 7,500 displaced people. It is the first time that assistance has been delivered there using the direct route from Aden,” said UNHCR Representative in Yemen, Johannes van der Klaauw, in a press release.

“The wider governorate of Taiz hosts 555,048 internally displaced people, the biggest concentration in the country and equal to almost a quarter of the 2.4 million total Yemen-wide,” he added.

For months, UNHCR has been advocating for regular and sustained humanitarian access to Taiz city and governorate. Now, with key roads into Taiz reopened since 11 March after nine months of blocked access, UNHCR is taking advantage of the opportunity to get help to people who desperately need it. This includes aid, vital protection and shelter help.

While continued intense fighting is being reported in parts of Yemen, a lull in the conflict in other areas is opening space for UNHCR and other humanitarian organizations, including local humanitarian actors, to reach more people. To the north of Taiz, in Ibb governorate, which hosts over 100,000 displaced people, UNHCR is currently mapping how to address the needs.

Further north, reduced violence along the Yemen-Saudi border over the last two weeks has allowed the agency to distribute emergency aid in Sa’ada. In coordination with relevant authorities, UNHCR is hoping further assessments of needs and distributions will be possible over the next days.

Later this week, UNHCR and a partner will distribute emergency relief carried in a third convoy from Aden to the Ash Shamayatayn district of Taiz, an area that hosts 159,444 displaced people, according to their protection monitoring. Since October, UNHCR has been providing rental subsidies, cash assistance, legal assistance, and counselling as well as psychosocial care through a partner organization.

“Ultimately, a halt to the hostilities remains the only way to end the suffering and ensure access to humanitarian aid across the country”, said Mr. van der Klaauw. “UNHCR is hopeful that a lasting, country-wide ceasefire can be brokered among the parties as this will open up further space to provide essential humanitarian assistance on the ground.»

More information: here


Εμπειρογνώμονας του ΟΗΕ για τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα θα αξιολογήσει τις επιπτώσεις της οικονομικής κρίσης και των διαρθρωτικών προσαρμογών

«Ο Ανεξάρτητος Εμπειρογνώμονας του ΟΗΕ Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky, θα πραγματοποιήσει την πρώτη επίσημη επίσκεψή του στην Ελλάδα από τις 30 Νοεμβρίου μέχρι και τις 8 Δεκεμβρίου 2015, προκειμένου να αξιολογήσει τις επιπτώσεις της χρηματοπιστωτικής κρίσης και της οικονομικής διαρθρωτικής προσαρμογής στα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα και συγκεκριμένα στα οικονομικά, κοινωνικά και πολιτιστικά δικαιώματα.

Ο κ. Bohoslavsky θα επισκεφθεί την Ελλάδα σε συνέχεια των συστάσεων του προκατόχου του κ. Σέφας Λουμίνα, μετά από την αποστολή του στην υπερχρεωμένη χώρα τον Απρίλιο του 2013.

«Ζητήθηκε από την Ελλάδα να προχωρήσει σε σοβαρές περικοπές στις δημόσιες δαπάνες και να εφαρμόσει μια σειρά από οικονομικές και κοινωνικές μεταρρυθμίσεις έτσι ώστε να λάβει επιπλέον πιστώσεις», τόνισε. «Θα αξιολογήσω τις επιπτώσεις που είχαν αυτές οι περικοπές και οι μεταρρυθμίσεις στο δικαίωμα της ιατροφαρμακευτικής φροντίδας, της στέγασης, της εκπαίδευσης και της κοινωνικής ασφάλισης».

Ένα ζήτημα ιδιαίτερης ανησυχίας είναι η αύξηση της φτώχειας και των ανισοτήτων στη χώρα, ως συνέπειες της χρηματοπιστωτικής και οικονομικής κρίσης. Υπό το πρίσμα αυτό, ο εμπειρογνώμονας θα δώσει ιδιαίτερη προσοχή στην πολιτική και στις στρατηγικές που υιοθέτησαν η κυβέρνηση και οι διεθνείς δανειστές της, ώστε να καταπολεμήσουν αυτές τις τάσεις στο πλαίσιο του τρίτου προγράμματος διάσωσης.

«Συγκεκριμένα, θα ήθελα να μάθω τι είδους μέτρα έχουν υιοθετηθεί από την Ελλάδα και τους διεθνείς δανειστές για να προστατεύσουν τα ευάλωτα άτομα και ομάδες, όπως οι πρόσφυγες, οι μετανάστες, οι μειονότητες, οι υπερχρεωμένοι πολίτες, τα άτομα με αναπηρία, τα παιδιά, οι ηλικιωμένοι και οι γυναίκες», δήλωσε.  […]

Ο Ανεξάρτητος Εμπειρογνώμονας θα παραχωρήσει συνέντευξη Τύπου στην οποία θα παρουσιάσει τα προκαταρκτικά πορίσματα της επίσκεψής του, την Τρίτη 8 Δεκεμβρίου 2015, ώρα 10:00 στο ξενοδοχείο  Electra Palace, Ν. Νικοδήμου 18-20, 10557 στην Αθήνα.

Τα τελικά του συμπεράσματά και οι βασικές συστάσεις του, θα υποβληθούν σε συνολική έκθεση στο Συμβούλιο Ανθρωπίνων Δικαιωμάτων τον Μάρτιο του 2016.»

Μπορείτε να διαβάσετε την τελευταία έκθεση για την Ελλάδα εδώ.

Περισσότερα εδώ.


New Book: Human Rights and Development Legal Perspectives from and for Ethiopia

Human Rights and Development
Legal Perspectives from and for Ethiopia

Edited by Eva Brems, Christophe Van der Beken and Solomon Abay Yimer

The papers by international and Ethiopian scholars included in Human Rights and Development: Legal Perspectives from and for Ethiopia focus on the interconnectedness between the protection of human rights and the achievement of development. The book adds to the international debate by providing a unique insight into the Ethiopian perspective on the nexus between rights and development and by discussing how this nexus manifests itself in the Ethiopian context. The comparative and international frameworks and examples constitute a valuable resource for the debate on human rights and development in Ethiopia, which is currently taking place in the context of the developmental state approach pursued by the Ethiopian government.

More, here…

Brill, here…

New Book: International Law and Child Soldiers

International Law and Child Soldiers
C A Waschefort

This book commences with an analysis of the current state of child soldiering internationally. Thereafter the proscriptive content of contemporary norms on the prohibition of the use and recruitment of child soldiers is evaluated, so as to determine whether these norms are capable of better enforcement. An ‘issues-based’ approach is adopted, in terms of which no specific regime of law, such as international humanitarian law (IHL), is deemed dominant. Instead, universal and regional human rights law, international criminal law and IHL are assessed cumulatively, so as to create a mutually reinforcing web of protection. Ultimately, it is argued that the effective implementation of child soldier prohibitive norms does not require major changes to any entity or functionary engaged in such prevention; rather, it requires the constant reassessment and refinement of all such entities and functionaries, and here, some changes are suggested. International judicial, quasi-judicial and non-judicial entities and functionaries most relevant to child soldier prevention are critically assessed. Ultimately the conclusions reached are assessed in light of a case study on the use and recruitment of child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

More, here…

Hart Publishing, here…

New Book: The Future of Children’s Rights

The Future of Children’s Rights

Edited by Michael Freeman

This volume is in part intended to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. We are now a generation on from its formulation, and, as this varied collection of articles by leading thinkers in the field reflects, children’s rights have come a long way. Yet the aim of this volume is not to look back, but to take stock and look forward. It explores subjects as diverse as socio-economic rights, corporal punishment, language and scientific progress as they relate to children and their rights, and offers new insights and new ideas. Edited by one of the most respected and leading scholars in the field, The Future of Children’s Rights constitutes a stimulating and useful resource for academics and practitioners alike.

More, here…

Brill, here…

New Issue: Journal of human rights practice, v.6, n. 3/2014

In this issue:

Introduction—Rights Choices: Dilemmas of Human Rights Practice
Ron Dudai, p. 389-398

‘A Very Highly Political Job’: Human Rights Practice, ‘The Political’, and Practitioners’ Dilemmas in Sri Lanka
Vijay K. Nagaraj and Shermal Wijewardene, p. 399-421

Values in Practice: Dilemmas and Deliberations of Israeli Human Rights Organizations
Noam Hofstadter, p. 422-450

Between Insurrectional Discourse and Operational Guidance: Challenges and Dilemmas in Implementing Human Rights-Based Approaches to Health
Alicia Ely Yamin and Rebecca Cantor, p. 451-485

The Cruelty of the Abolitionists
Jonathan Simon, p. 486-502

Editor’s Choice: On the Goodness of Despair
David Shulman, p. 503-510

Letter from Toronto: Post-World Pride 2014 Reflections on LGBTQ Art and Activism
Brian Phillips, p. 511-521

More, here…

Oxford Journals, here…

New Issue: Revue de droit international et de droit comparé, n. 3/2014

In this issue:


Le droit processuel des consommateurs, Vincenzo Zeno-Zencovich et Maria Cecilia Cecilia Paglietti

Les droits fondamentaux dans la constitution tunisienne, Mehdi Bali

Le procureur de la Cour pénale internationale et le jeu d’échecs, Idris Fassassi

More, here…

Bruylant, here…